Center on Assets, Education, and Inclusion

  1. The Impact of Grocery Store Rewards Cards

    This study conducted two cluster randomized trials using household-level random assignment to test the impact of a rewards cards program at two different locations: Wabash County Indiana and the City of St. Louis. Findings show the treatment group in Indiana had a greater than three-fold increase in savings activity in CSAs, and in St Louis had a greater than seven-fold increase in savings activity in CSAs. These findings suggest that rewards cards can be an effective strategy for engaging families of different backgrounds in saving activities. 

    Read Publication

    Authors

    William Elliott, Nicholas Sorensen, Megan O’Brien, Zibei Chen, Briana Starks, Haotian Zhen

    Working Paper Year 2019

  2. Children’s Savings Account Program

    Findings from this study and past studies suggest that a CSA alone may not catalyze improvements in attendance, math, and reading; it may take some engagement with the accounts. But, while these findings are promising, they are not definitive and more research is needed. This is perhaps particularly notable given the relatively small K2C account balances at this stage (average total value of accounts that have had at least one family contribution is approximately $907 by the fourth year; average contribution value of $709).

    Read Publication

    Authors

    William Elliott, Melinda Lewis, Megan O'Brien, Christina LiCalsi, Leah Brown, Natalie Tucker, Nicholas Sorensen

    CSA Report Year 2018

  3. Contribution Activity and Asset Accumulation in a Universal Children’s Savings Account Program

    San Francisco’s Kindergarten-to-College (K2C) is a Children’s Savings Account (CSA) program that provides a savings account to all kindergartners in the public school system to save for postsecondary education. This study is the first analysis of families’ contributions to the K2C accounts and how those contributions vary by student characteristic and school context. Following a review of existing research regarding college saving by American families in general and, specifically, by those participating in other CSA programs, this study examines contributions as one manifestation of families’ engagement with the K2C accounts. In addition, the study explores how the particular features of the K2C program manifest in asset accumulation and contribution activity, as well as how individual and school-level characteristics may influence observed interactions with the K2C accounts. This research provides insights into a CSA program that is the oldest and one of the largest in the country, and it offers lessons for policymakers and CSA administrators considering interventions to encourage college saving among families with school-age children.

    Read Publication

    Authors

    William Elliott, Melinda Lewis, Megan O'Brien, Christina LiCalsi, Leah Brown, Natalie Tucker, Nicholas Sorensen

    CSA Report Year 2017